The Journal of Weather Modification en-US <div>Authors that submit papers for publication agree to the Journal’s copyright and publication terms. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the manuscript’s authorship and initial publication in Journal of Weather Modification. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in the Journal of Weather Modification. Authors are permitted to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process to encourage productive exchanges and greater citation of the published article.</div><div> </div><div>Articles are published online using restricted access for the first year. After the first year, articles are made freely available online. Immediate open access for an article may be obtained by the author paying an open access fee which is in addition to the normal page changes. Authors are expected to honor a page charge in order to support publication and distribution of the journal. After the author approves the gallery formatted version for publication, the Weather Modification Association’s Secretary will invoice the corresponding author for the page charges and payment is due within 30 days.</div> (Dr. Tom DeFelice) (Erin Fischer) Thu, 30 Jul 2020 03:19:45 +0000 OJS 60 The impact of John Hallet on the field of weather modification (none) Andrew Detwiler Copyright (c) 2020 The Journal of Weather Modification Thu, 30 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Stalker method for increased predictability of fluids by moving beyond state variable measurements to enabling underlying physical processes <p align="LEFT">Physical processes are not usually measured nor are adequately simulated using the current numerical weather prediction (NWP) models due to the inadequate spatial and temporal resolution such models employ. The state variables, such as wind speed and temperature, are often measured only at relatively fewer number of locations compared to a larger number of measurement locations theoretically required for more accurate fluid depiction and predictability. Because of such fewer measurement locations, the available measurements of the state variables are usually inter(extra)polated to many of these unmeasured locations, without accounting for the underlying physical processes that shape the state variables to start with. These background physical processes may occur at any given fluid location, with collective influences emanating in all of the spatial scales around that location or in the context of the NWP models they occur in both grid-resolvable and subgrid scales. Since sparse information of the state variables is heavily relied upon for depicting the fluid behavior and predictability today, both grid-resolvable and subgrid physical processes are usually unaccounted for in the current fluid simulation efforts. Also, the subgrid physical processes and many other physical process parameterization schemes and methods (e.g., data assimilation) are usually defined in terms of the grid-resolvable state variables. The absence of a detailed treatment of the physical processes in the current NWP methods (or approaches) points to rather large data gaps many fluid sciences deal with and thus is the limitation within such sciences. A scientifically valid method, the Stalker method, to overcome that limitation by filling such data gaps is the crux of this note. <span>The importance of the noted physical process influences is even more critical for the weather modification efforts, as even deeper data gaps exist when resolutions finer than 1-km are required for fluid depiction and predictability.</span></p> James R Stalker Copyright (c) 2020 The Journal of Weather Modification Thu, 30 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 In Memoriam - Joe Busto <p>John Joseph Busto was born in Denver, Colorado, in 1967, and died in Lakewood, Colorado, on December 5, 2019 at the age of 52, after a strong battle against cancer. He is survived by his son, Coyle Busto. This In-Memorian is a collection of reflections and memories from Joe's friends and colleagues.</p> Andrew Kickert Copyright (c) 2020 The Journal of Weather Modification Wed, 05 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000