A Confirmatory Evaluation of the Grossver Such IV Experiment Using Hailpad Data (French Network 1977- 1981)
AbstractGrossversuch IV is a collaborative project, coordinated by the Institute for Atmospheric Physics of E.T.H. in Zurich. It includes the participation of universities and government agencies of France, Italy and Switzerland. Each participating group contributes its particular expertise toward a program designed to test whether a hail suppression method similar to the one proposed by scientists in the USSR, using their high altitude rockets, can successfully be applied in Central Europe, taking into account the climatic and logistic boundary conditions of the regions. The field program includes a 3 cm radar with PPI and RHI for measuring the parameters needed for the seeding criteria, launchers for the Soviet Oblako rockets, a O cm radar with PPI to measure precipitation quantiatively, and a ground network of hailpads with sufficient density to measure kinetic energy and massive hail in the test area.
Authors that submit papers for publication agree to the Journal’s copyright and publication terms. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the manuscript’s authorship and initial publication in Journal of Weather Modification. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in the Journal of Weather Modification. Authors are permitted to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process to encourage productive exchanges and greater citation of the published article.
Articles are published online using restricted access for the first year. After the first year, articles are made freely available online. Immediate open access for an article may be obtained by the author paying an open access fee which is in addition to the normal page changes. Authors are expected to honor a page charge in order to support publication and distribution of the journal. After the author approves the gallery formatted version for publication, the Weather Modification Association’s Secretary will invoice the corresponding author for the page charges and payment is due within 30 days.