Ground-based Salt Seeding in Tamil Nadu State, South Inida, 1973-1977

Authors

  • A. G. Pillai Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
  • R. S. Reddy Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
  • R. Vijayakumar Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
  • R. K. Kapoor Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
  • A. S. Ramachandra Murty Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
  • A. Mary Selvam Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
  • R. K. Ramana Murty Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology

Abstract

     A long series of ground-based salt seeding experiments in north India during the southwest monsoonseasons (June-September) of 1957-66 showed significant increases of about 20 percent in rainfall on seeded days (Ramana Murty and Biswas, 1968). In September of 1974, salt seeding from aircraft on isolated maritime warm cumulus clouds within 50 km off the coast at Bombay(18 15’N, 72v 49’D, II m ASL) was followed by increases in radar echo area coverage in the vertical and in echo intensity (Chatterjee et al., 1978). seek similar results in a different area, a randomized salt-seeding experiment, using a single ground-based generator, was conducted in 1973 and 1975-77 just west of Madras, on the Bengal coast 1,000 km southeast of Bombay. There in the state of Tamil Nadu, South India, the main rainy season is during the northeast monsoon(Oct-Dec), whereas in most parts of India, about 75 percent of the annual rainfall is received during the southwest monsoon(Ananthakrishnan, 1977).

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Published

2012-10-14

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Scientific Papers