Dynamic Responses Warm of Monsoon Clouds Salt Seeding

S. Parasnis, Mary Selvam, Ramachandra Murty, Ramana Murty

Abstract


High resolution temperature measurements during single-level air- craft penetrations through warm monsoon clouds before and after salt seeding had a significant wave-length of about 2 km. The slope of the spectra relating to not-seeded traverses followed a -5/3 power law. The slope of the spectra relating to seeded traverses increased when liquid water content increased and rain formed. The temperature spectra of the seeded traverses showed a net energy gain in the larger wave-lengths ( >540 m) and a net energy loss in the shorter wavelengths. The net-energy gain could be due to condensation of water vapor on the salt parti- cles, the net energy loss to the decrease in the small scale turbulence resulting from the invigoration of the updraft. These features could be manifestations of the alteration of the dynamics of the cloud through salt seeding. 

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