Comments on Current Dual Cloud Seeding Operations in Texas


  • Arquimedes Ruiz Columbie Texas Tech University
  • Craig Funke Texas Weather Modification Assoc.
  • Todd Flanagan South Texas Weather Modification Assoc.
  • Stephanie Beall Southwest Texas Rain Enhancement Assoc.
  • Jennifer Puryear Panhandle Ground Water Conservation District
  • Jonathon A. Jennings West Texas Weather Modification Assoc.



Within the past three years, the weather modification programs in Texas have occasionally used hygroscopic flares as a complement for glaciogenic cloud seeding operations. Introduced at an exploratory level, those dual seeding (hygroscopic plus glaciogenic) operations have been systematically evaluated using TITAN in an attempt to obtain evidence of possible greater impacts on storm radar signals than those obtained only using AgI flares. This article presents a summary of those evaluations.


How to Cite

Columbie, A. R., Funke, C., Flanagan, T., Beall, S., Puryear, J., & Jennings, J. A. (2012). Comments on Current Dual Cloud Seeding Operations in Texas. The Journal of Weather Modification, 44(1), 96–100.



Technical Notes and Correspondence