Cloud and precipitation formation and modification by refineries and power plants


  • J. Robert Stinson
  • Clifford Brown


Impacts of Human Activity


Refinery and power plant emissions (heat, water vapor, and hygroscopic nuclei) can trigger or enhance clouds. These processes have been observed, photographed, and studied. The purpose of this paper is to present a small part of the photographic documentation of these cloud impacts and to illustrate some of the cloud forms produced and their interactions with other clouds.  Other papers in this subject area will document the direct linkage of power plant emissions to clouds and to ultimate precipitation and the uses of manmade clouds for rainfall enhancement, pollution clean up, and energy production......




Technical Notes and Correspondence