Observations of Precipitation Development -- An Example from the UAE Project
AbstractRadar and aircraft observations from the 12 September 2004 case study, collected during a field project in the United Arab Emirates, are presented in the context of discerning precipitation development. The focus of the field projects was convective clouds forming over and near the Oman mountains in the eastern Arabian Penisula, as part of a larger feasibility study on precipitation enhancement and a subsequent randomized cloud seeding experiment. The radar data show that earlier convection likely pre-conditioned the region with mid-level moisture and ice particles. Subsequent cells and storms developed significant precipitation as they grew above 6 km (around -5° C). This is consistent with the concept that recycling particles into the same and adjacent turrets is an important process in precipitation development. However, the data set presented is quite limited and more details from other cases (both seeded and unseeded) are needed to generalize precipitation development in UAE clouds.
Technical Notes and Correspondence
Authors that submit papers for publication agree to the Journal’s copyright and publication terms. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the manuscript’s authorship and initial publication in Journal of Weather Modification. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in the Journal of Weather Modification. Authors are permitted to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process to encourage productive exchanges and greater citation of the published article.
Articles are published online using restricted access for the first year. After the first year, articles are made freely available online. Immediate open access for an article may be obtained by the author paying an open access fee which is in addition to the normal page changes. Authors are expected to honor a page charge in order to support publication and distribution of the journal. After the author approves the gallery formatted version for publication, the Weather Modification Association’s Secretary will invoice the corresponding author for the page charges and payment is due within 30 days.