Chemical Composition of Rains over Kenya

K. K. Kanuga

Abstract


It is well known that among the chemical constituents circulating into the atmosphere are sizable quantities of chlorides and sulphates. Both of them are of interest in cloud and precipitation physics, since they form soluble particles which are extremely efficient as cloud or precipitation nuclei. The investigations by Turner (1955) and Spencer & Woodcock (1963) demonstrated that the raindrop salinity is the function of its radius, which is different for the raindrops falling from warm or super-cooled clouds. Measurements by Khemani & Ramana Murty (1968) have indicated that there can can be what is called a ’right type of chemical climate’ for a region, which when present, may help reduce the possibility of clouds remaining colloidally stable in the area. Ramachandra Murty & Ramana Murty (1969), on the basis of chemical composition of rain water found that the maritime clouds are modified to continental type with distance from the coast.

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