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Cloud Seeding in Libya

Younis Al-Fenadi

Abstract


Weather refers to the state of atmosphere at a certain geographical place and period of time. It is described in terms of many meteorological variables or elements such as dry and wet temperatures, wind speed and direction, precipitation and many others, while meteorology is the science which studies weather conditions and all the atmospheric process and its impacts or influences on our life in general. Although weather events and phenomena such as precipitations are needed in our life, weather may be considered one of the natural disasters which bring heavy rains, floods and strong winds lead to destroy, death, and economic losses when it occurs in some regions of the world. In addition, rainfall is one of the most meteorological elements and weather indicators to measure the wet seasons to be used in agriculture to planet a variety of food crops needed for both human and animal. In dry regions, weather modification could be a practical or operational solution to produce more precipitation to overcome the shortage arises. In this regard “meteorologists have concerned themselves with the development of means for increasing rainfall. Although techniques presently available are not at all likely to lead to a significant change in the water budget of the earth as a whole, there are indications that it may be possible to produce small but important changes in the clouds and precipitation over limited region.” (Battan, 1965) This paper defines weather modification and will highlight some points and stages of the Libyan cloud seeding as a weather modification experiment for increasing rainfall.

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