Evaluation Studies of Long-Term Hail Damage Reduction Programs in North Dakota

R L Rose, T C Jameson


Cloud modification activities have been conducted in North Dakota every year since 1951 with the exception of four years (1956-1958 and 1960).  Application of the unproven science of cloud modification stems from the reported beneficial economic factors to the agrarian economy.  Figure 1 from Johnson (1974) shows the annual losses related to weather, insects, and disease.

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