Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Articles related to the following topics will be considered for publication:

  • Weather Modification Research
  • Weather Modification Operations
  • Impacts of Human Activity on Weather and Climate
  • Cloud and Precipitation Microphysics
  • Aerosol-cloud Interactions
  • Instrumentation for Aerosol and Cloud Physics Research


Section Policies


The 'Messages' section contains information about the Journal, messages from the Weather Modification Association, and 'In Memory' notes about people in the weather modification community.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Scientific Papers

Articles published in the 'Scientific Papers' section of the Journal of Weather Modification are peer-reviewed by experts which provide recommendation to the Journal Editor who decided if the article is acceptable for publication.  Articles should report result from using the scientific method to understand some aspect of weather modification or related field.  If reviewers suggest that an article does not have a sufficient scientific content, the Editor may suggest to authors to move the article to the Journal's Technical Notes and Corrspondence section.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Technical Notes and Correspondence

Articles published in the 'Technical Notes and Correspondence' section of the Journal of Weather Modification should be of general interest to the Weather Modification community but are generally not scientific in nature.  Reports on some technical aspects of conducting a weather modification or related field are included in this section, along with reports on a particular operational program.  Articles are not peer-reviewed and accepted based on the Editor's determination that the article is of interest to the weather modification community.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed


Advertisements of services and products related to conducting Weather Modification research and operations are included in the Advertisement section of the Journal.  In addition to advertisements being in the printed Journal, advertisements will appear in the online Table of Contents and on a special Web Page that is linked to from the Journal’s Web site.

Full page Outside back cover:  $500
Full page Inside front and back covers:  $300
Full page Inside pages:  $200
Half page Inside pages:  $120

Unchecked Open Submissions Unchecked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

Typically two reviews are requested for each paper.  Reviewers are asked to provide their review within 4 weeks and to adress the following questions:

Is the study an original contribution to the field of weather modification?

Are there errors in inference, interpretation, or mathematical analysis?

Can the material be applied to the field of weather modification?

Is the presentation clear, concise, and organized?

Does the abstract summarize the research in clear terms?

Is the material presented in sufficient detail to allow the research to be reproduced?

The online Open Journal System is used to review all manuscripts submitted to the Journal. Experts are asked by the Editor to provide anonymous review of submitted articles. Articles submitted to the Scientific Papers section are held to a high standard of scientific rigor. Reviewers are asked to assess the quality of the paper and to provide comments that justify their assessment. If there is enough merit in the manuscript to lead the Editor to expect that the manuscript can be published as is, or after modest modifications, reviewer comments returned to the editor are compiled anonymously and returned to the authors. Authors are asked to revise their papers in light of the reviewers’ comments and to provide a response to the editor concerning how these comments were addressed by revisions, or why the authors felt the comments were not useful for clarifying and improving their paper. The Editor will then make a final decision to accept or reject the paper for publication.

If the reviewers have significant concerns about a manuscript, and the editor judges that extensive modification will be required in order to make it suitable for publication, or that the manuscript is so flawed that it cannot be rendered suitable for publication with a reasonable amount of effort, the paper will be rejected and reviewer comments returned to the authors with a summary explanation of the factors leading to the rejection.


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.


Upon Manuscript Acceptance

Once the editor has accepted a manuscript, the editorial assistant will work with the author to obtain a final version of the manuscript. The editorial process involves two steps, copy editing and layout editing. During copy editing all grammar/spelling is finalized in the text and all high quality images are submitted for figures. To allow for the creation of high quality manuscripts, authors should submit image files with a resolution of at least 220 dpi as supplemental files online in a standard image file format; for example, eps, png, jpeg, gif, bmp, or tif. During layout editing the text and figures are layout in a final format using the style of the Journal, which is similar to the style of the American Meteorological Society journal style. A digital copy of the final layout style is provided to the corresponding author for approval.

Authors are expected to honor page charges in order to support publication and distribution of the journal, unless the Editorial Board has waved page changes. A charge of $100.00 per page will be applied to each scientific paper, technical note, correspondence and book review accepted for publication. Papers from sources outside the United States will also be required to pay these charges (U.S. currency). After the final version of an accepted article has been approved by the author, the full amount of the publication charge must be prepaid to Weather Modification Association (WMA) before publication.


Article Access

Manuscripts will be available freely online as soon as the layout version is ready. No hard copies will be printed. Selected authors will be asked to provide image for the cover of the Journal based on their papers.


Frequently Asked Questions

What are your suggestions to include in a Notes Articles about an operational program?

A Notes Articles can be very simple and hence not require too much work to write. The below topics would be good to address in your Notes Article about an operational program. The more in-depth topics should be address in paragraph form, while simple data can be presented in a table. The Journal would accept for publication of our standard questionnaire which is available online at http://journalofweathermodification.org/index.php/JWM/manager/files/downloads/JWxMod_OperationalQuestionnaire.odt

Project Name
Year Started
Season (e.g. November – April)
Seed Type (AgI, hygro, salt water, etc)
Aircraft / UAS Number and Type
Ground Generator Number and Type
Measurements (Radiometer, Radiosonde, Airbonre, etc.)
Ground Generator Number and Type
Random or Non Random Operations
Radar Type and Band
Software Used (Titan and Processing Software)
Project Type (Snow/Rain/Hail/Fog)
Results Published (Y/N Journal Article)
Project Manager and Contract
Web Site Location and Information
Other Information

What can I find on the Journal's website?

Tools to submit, track, and review articles are available on the website. The current issue and all articles dating back to 1979 are also available. All articles are fully searchable via the website and search engines like Google.

How can I download PDF files from the Journal's website?

After searching for the desired article(s), click on the “PDF” link in the right column of the desired article and you will be directed to a PDF viewer within the browser. The PDF can be saved via the “Download” button.

Do I need a membership to view Journal issues or articles?

A library subscription, WMA subscription, or individual membership to the Journal is required to view articles in the most recent issue. After one year, all articles are freely accessible and open to the public.

What types of articles are accepted in the Journal?

Articles related to the following topics will be considered for online publication: weather modification research, weather modification operations, impacts of human activity on weather and climate, cloud a precipitation microphysics, aerosol-cloud interactions, instrumentation for aerosol and cloud physics research, and geoengineering.

How do I include figures in the submission of my article?

Include figures within the submitted document. In addition, submit all figures as supplemental material with a resolution of at least 220 dots per inch (dpi) or 1200 pixels per inch (ppi).

What is the figure image resolution requirement?

Figure image files need to have a resolution of at least 220 dots per inch (dpi) and a width of 7.5 inches.  Some programs provide resolution in terms of pixels per inch (ppi).  1200 ppi is similar to 220 dpi.

How do you create a 220 dpi resolution image from MS Excel?

There is no direct method to create 220 dpi images from Excel.  Authors need to directly copy all Excel "charts" into a MS Word or PowerPoint document.  Do not save a "charts" as an image and import the image into Word or PowerPoint document.

Note that the image compression has to be turn off before saving the file the first time.  To turn off image compression do the following:

  1. Click the File tab.

  2. Under Help, click Options, and then click Advanced.

  3. Next to Image Size and Quality, click the file that you want to turn off picture compression for.

  4. Under Image Size and Quality, select the Do not compress images in file check box.

Note   This setting applies only to pictures in the current file or the file selected in the list next to Image Size and Quality.

  Once all the Excel files have be copied to the Word/Powerpoint application, the document has to be saved as a pdf formatted file and uploaded to the Journal's sites as a supplemental file.  When creating the copyeditted version, we will convert the figures within the pdf formatted document to 220 dpi png images using Adobe Acrobat Pro.  PDF is vector based format that can be used to create raster images (i.e. png formatted) of any resolution and size.

How do you determine the resolution (PPI/DPI) of an image?

From Linux command line, "identify -verbose -units PixelsPerInch filename | grep -i Resolution" where filename is the name of the image file.

In Windows7, open image file in the "Paint" program and then from main pull down menu select "Properties".  Resolution is given as DPI (at least in Windows7) but it is really PPI.  Hence, paint needs to give 1200 resolution for your images.

What tools would you recommend to improve writing of papers?

Listening to what you wrote is a great method of improving your writing and catching mistakes that spelling and grammar checkers miss. The Read Text extension LibreOffice provides a Text-to-Speech feature. Text-to-Speed feature is also available in MS Office, see http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/word-help/using-the-speak-text-to-speech-feature-HA102066711.aspx for setup information.

What tools would you recommend to manage references?

I would recommennd using Zotero, which is an open, cross platform software of management of citations. Download web browser pluggins and stand-alone client from the Web.